It is no secret that a beautiful well-kept lawn is capable of giving a luxurious look even to the most modest site. The green cover will not only be the perfect backdrop for fragrant flower beds, but also the true pride of its owner. After all, it is difficult to look away from a neat green carpet, if you regularly take care of it.
But in addition to the aesthetic benefits of the lawn, it brings practical benefits. The grass is a valuable source of oxygen; it absorbs dust, soot and exhaust gases, filling the space with purity and freshness. The velvety lawn softens the heat of the scorching sun in the summer, muffles the noise and is perfectly suited for organizing cheerful picnics and children’s games outside.
Perfect Lawn Signs and Characteristics
A lawn is nothing more than a canvas of natural grass, formed as a result of sowing seeds of plants or laying special rolls. Creating a lawn is not an easy task, especially for inexperienced gardeners and beginner landscape designers. The main difficulty is to properly prepare the ground for a certain type of grass seed, sow the lawn before the formation of a dense layer of sod. Only under this condition can the grass canvas withstand the load. A properly laid lawn should look neat, well-groomed, easy to trim. To facilitate the process of cutting the lawn, experts recommend arranging a special border separating it from the garden path.
A number of signs distinguish quality lawn from a cheap and careless imitation. The following are the main ones:
- adaptation to climate conditions in the region;
- bright, saturated colors;
- uniform and optimal height (within 5-8 cm);
- practicality and resistance to mechanical loads;
- lack of weeds;
- fast recoverability after mowing;
- lack of dead, dried grass stems that accumulate between live stems and soil;
- rapid growth with the onset of spring;
- prolonged preservation of saturated color until the end of the season.
In order for the site to be decorated with a truly beautiful lawn, it is important to choose the right seeds for sowing, taking into account the peculiarities of the soil, the climatic conditions, the level of groundwater at the site and, of course, the type of lawn.
Types of lawns for different purposes
There are lawns for decorative and special purposes. The first will allow you to create an original landscape design, the second – a convenient platform for sports and children’s fun.
Require close attention and lawn care, as a result, you get not only satisfaction from the observation of a magnificent composition, but also a tempting opportunity to build a fabulous oasis where harmony reigns.
are characterized by high resistance to intense loads, which means they are optimal for amazing parties and friendly competitions in football, badminton, and even field hockey. Of course, the prospect of becoming the owner of a golf site looks quite tempting, but the aesthetic aspect concerns the modern person much more. That is why decorative lawns are in steady demand. Moreover, there are many varieties of such.
Unusually spectacular. The flat meadow looks best along long alleys, around flower beds, and at the main entrance. It is worth noting that low-growing grass requires competent care. Walking on it is not recommended because the English lawn can act exclusively as an impressive decorative element. It includes grass seeds such as red fescue and Kentucky bluegrass.
Smart and custom. It consists of a mixture (more than 10 types) of flowering annuals, whose height does not exceed 50 cm. The lawn is unpretentious in care, it can be updated only once a year. One of the main conditions is timely watering. The composition includes meadow timothy-grass, common bluegrass, red fescue, ryegrass.
A great solution for impatient gardeners who do not want to work and want to get results right now. Easy to transport, as sold in a minimized form. One just needs to spread it out, push it down and water and in the evening, you can admire the picturesque lawn in front of the house. The lawn is easy to maintain and resistant to weight loads.
Inexpensive and efficient planting is alternative, where a mixture of grass seed, mulch, and fertilizer is spread under the pressure over the site using a hose. It has a distinctive bright green appearance. It helps to prevent erosion of the soil.
Durable and interesting. Not afraid of colds and rejoices with bright colors at any time of the year. It can be laid both in spring and fall.
Ideal for all types of landscape design and planting of large-scale areas. You can plant any garden flowers on it. Lighting will allow the grass to withstand the winter cold. Approximate composition: Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, timothy-grass, white and red clover, flower mix.
To the territory on which it is planned to create a lawn should fulfill a number of requirements:
- The site should be smooth, without pits and bumps;
- Minimum surface slope required (optimally 3-5°);
- About 10 to 15 cm of top fertile soil.
In addition, the ground must absorb rainwater for no longer than half an hour (otherwise swampy phenomena are possible). To evaluate this property, in dry weather, a small hole (20 cm deep) must be dug in the ground, filled with water and absorption time measured. If the water is being absorbed for more than 30 minutes, the site will require terrain drainage. It is also important that most of the day the lawn receives direct sunlight.
Black soil is the best choice for growing lawn. If the local soil is predominantly clay or sandy, it is necessary to use additional black soil. This method of preparation of the fertile layer is the most simple and effective. When buying turf, it will need to be first mixed with sand and compost. Biohumus (organic fertilizer, cattle manure processing product) is a better choice as a beneficial fertilizer that enhances the fertile qualities of black soil.
Types of Grass Seed for Your Lawn
Modern buyers are offered a fairly large selection of grass seed, so in the process of acquiring grass seeds to grow, it is worth relying on certain factors. The vast majority of grasses can be divided into two main groups, there are ones intended for a warm season while other for cold season. The location of where the grass will be planted also has a certain value. It can be noted here that if the soil is slightly prone to bogging processes, it is worth choosing such seeds that grow well in moist soil. There are also individual seeds intended for dry soil. Do not forget about the variety of textures and colors of the future grass, so you will be completely satisfied with your choices.
Red fescue (Festuca rubra)
Loosely to densely tufted rhizomatous perennial plant with narrow dark leaves. The first shoots appear a week after sowing. The tillering phase occurs in 2-3 weeks. Able to displace weeds from site. One of the main advantages is the preservation of bright greenery even during periods of prolonged drought. Smoke and gas resistant. Fescue lawn is growing rapidly. Thus, you will not have to wait much for a long fescue and in the first year of life, it will form an excellent quality cover. It is adapted for growth in the shade.
Sheep’s fescue (Festuca ovina)
Lawn grass, characterized by thin rigid leaves of greenish gray shade. Immune to flattening and dry periods. Long growth time eliminates the need for frequent mowing. However, the bush structure in the first year rarely forms a good coverage. The plant badly fights weeds – when sowing special attention should be paid to checking the soil. At low sowing rates, hardening of the territory soil is noted. Good in combination with red fescue.
Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera)
The perennial short-root herb that develops long shoots above the ground. The first shoots can be already seen on the 5th day after seeding, active growth occurs on the 8th day. The color of the foliage is light green. It is characterized by a high intensity of tillering and in the first phase of life forms a thick lawn so you will not have empty spots in your lawn. Requires abundant moisture and tolerated shadow well. It is one of the cool season grasses. The disadvantages include the inability to grow on heavy soils – the shoots root and form grooves that quickly turn yellow and are easily damaged when sheared.
Bentgrass (Agrostis alba)
Perennial loose shrub plant. Powerful root system densely fills the soil. Stems reach a length of 110 cm. Leaves are grayish-green, with a rough surface, flat. Loves moisture grows quickly in sandy and loamy lands. It is frost-resistant, but it doesn’t like drought. Patient to trampling and low mowing. In the first year of life, it is not suppressed by weeds and is actively developing. From the second to the third year it grows even more. Keeps in the herbage up to 10 years.
Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis)
Considered one of the cool season grasses. Perennial rhizomatous loose plant with bright leaves. The germination stage is slightly prolonged – the first shoots appear 2 weeks after sowing. Tillering comes in a month. Poorly endures dry weather, which is manifested in the yellowing of the shoots. The grass forms a smooth, resilient and strong coating of strong color. It grows well on saline and acid soils.
Perennial Ryegrass (Loliun perenne)
Perennial loose bush lawn grass, which is also suitable for cool seasons. Attracts with dark green color and shiny leaves. The first shoots appear on the 5th day, large-scale greening – on the 7th. The most intensive development occurs in the first year of life. Easily fights weeds. Dense, aesthetically attractive surface requires frequent mowing.
White Clover (Trifolium repens)
A dense bush low-growing plant with multiple leaves. Drought-resistant, in the spring, begins to grow earlier than other grasses. The length of the stems is 45-50 cm. The clover is durable, it tolerates low cutting and trampling. It is undemanding to the soil. In arid areas, it is considered a valuable component in mixtures for meadow and sod cover.
Bermudagrass (Cynodon Dactylon)
Warm season perennial plants 10-60 cm tall, with long creeping underground shoots and also long-standing shoots rooting at the nodes. Light-loving, not demanding to soil, although prefers light soils. It tolerates trampling well. One of the best grass seed to grow for lawns; can be used to combat soil erosion. Bermuda lawn easily spreads to the nearby sites, so if the last is undesirable, it is worth taking preventive measures.
What Lawn Seeds to Choose?
As you can see, the types of lawn grass are diverse, so when you try to choose it is quite natural to have doubts – which one should you grow? First of all, it is necessary to consider the features of your area. For example, in wet areas, Red Top Bentgrass (Agróstis gigantea) takes root well, in coastal areas – Sand Rye Grass (Elymus arenarius), on poor soils – Sheep’s fescue, in the shade – Wood bluegrass (Poa nemoralis). Before you go to the store, think about what you want to get in the end?
- A bright thick carpet for backyard lawns and sports training will help to create mixtures consisting of common bentgrass, perennial ryegrass, red fescue;
- The composition of mixed seeds for highly shaded areas should include bluegrass and bentgrass;
- Kentucky bluegrass and fescue will help in arranging the playground and sports grounds (lawn height no more than 4 cm);
- To create decorative openings with a grass height up to 3 cm, red fescue seeds are a good choice;
- For grass for walking paths, you can use a mixture of meadow timothy-grass, the bromegrass, tall fescue grass, Kentucky bluegrass;
- Ryegrass is good for filling spots in your lawn; it forms an excellent turf;
Carefully read the information on the label, which should indicate the composition of the mixture, seeding rate, date of manufacture, address of the manufacturer. Product quality must be confirmed by both an international certificate of conformity and the certificate of the country of origin. Look for data on the adaptation of grass mixture to your climate – otherwise, frustration cannot be avoided. Seeds should be appropriate for the purpose and type of lawn, should also take into account the level of groundwater, amount of light and soil quality in your area.
Some Important Tips
Now you know what types of lawn grass exist and which of them to choose in any given situation. Finally, some more expert advice:
- The best time for sowing is April-May;
- Preliminary soil preparation involves chemical and mechanical processing;
- The bluegrass, which grows well in the shade, will save you from pale lawn in such places. If drainage is not organized on wet soils, then choose mixtures with marsh bluegrass, which forms a powerful root system and does not require frequent additional sowing;
- Brown bentgrass will be a real find for those who want to create a velvet lawn. It will look just amazing, but the life of such lawn is no more than 5 years;
- Kentucky fescue is a champion in spreading, so if you do not want to wait for the first shoots for a long time, be sure to include this plant in the mixture;
- To improve the quality of the soil, turf and river sand are added to it. For fertilizer, rotting vegetation, compost, biohumus are good choices;
- In the first few days, water the seeds intensively, otherwise they will wither;
- To prevent the young lawn from dying in the first winter, after the last mowing, mulch it with biohumus.
All the valuable information has been presented to you, which means that you can safely go in search of seeds for the most beautiful lawn. A little patience and very soon you will be able to admire the spectacular decoration of the landscape – a magnificent carpet, “woven” with your own hands.